اسم المصدر بعد حرف الجر Gerund after preposition
(كما ذكرنا من قبل ان ال gerund يتكون من مصدر الفعل + ing )
فى هذا الدرس سوف نستعرض :-
اولا :- حروف الجر التى ياتى بعدها الفعل فى صورة ال gerund
- After – قبل
ex:- after having a shower I waited for Steven.
- Before – بعد
ex:- The tablet must not be taken before getting up in the morning.
- By – بواسطة
ex:- I manage it by working much longer than 40-hour week.
- In spite – بالرغم من
ex:- In spite of studying a lot he didn’t pass the exams.
- On – على
ex:- What was her reaction on hearing the news?
- Without – بدون
ex :- He told the jokes without laughing.
ثانيا :- (الصفات +حروف الجر) التى ياتى بعدها الفعل فى صورة ال gerund
- Afraid of – خائف من
ex:- They are afraid of losing the match.
- Angry about/at – غاضب من
ex:- Pat is angry about walking in the rain.
- Bad at/good at – جيد فى /سىء
ex:- John is good at working in the garden.
- Crazy about – مهووس ب
ex:- The girl is crazy about playing tennis.
- Dis appointed about/at – خاب امله فى
ex:- He is dis appointed about seeing such a bad report.
- excited about – متحمس الى
ex :- We are excited about making our own film.
- famous for – مشهور ب
ex: Sandy is famous for singing songs.
- fed up with – غير قادر على تحمل شعور ما
ex:- I am fed up with being treated as a child.
- fond of – مغرم ب
ex:- Hannah is fond of going to parties.
- glad about – سعيد ب
ex:- She is glad about getting married again.
- happy about/at – سعيد ب
ex:- The children are not happy about seeing a doctor.
- Interested in – مهتم ب
Ex:- Are you interested in writing poems?
- Keen on – شغوف ب
ex:- Joe is keen on drawing.
- Proud of – فخور ب
ex:- She is proud of riding a snowboard.
- Sick of – مهووس ب
ex: We are sick of sitting around like this.
- Sorry about/for – اسف على شىء
ex:- He is sorry for eating in the lesson.
- Tired of – متعب من
ex:- I am tired of waiting for you.
- used to – معتاد على
Ex:- She is used to smoking.
- Worried about – حذر او قلق من
ex:- I am worried about making mistakes.
ثالثا :- (الاسماء +حروف الجر) التى ياتى بعدها الفعل فى صورة ال gerund :-
- advantage of – الميزة من
ex:- What is the advantage of farming over hunting?
- chance of – فرصة ل
ex: There’s a chance of catching a cold these days.
- choice between – اختيار بين
ex:- There’s a choice between flying to London Heathrow or Stansted.
- danger of – خطر من
ex:- Peggy is in danger of making a mistake.
- difficulty in – صعوبة فى
Ex:- He has difficulty in texting.
- doubt about – حيرة من
Ex:- He is in doubt about buying the correct software for his computer system.
- hope of – على امل من
ex:- there’s little hope of catching the new corvette.
- idea of – فكرة عن
ex:- I like the idea of setting up a new email account.
- interest in – اهتمام ب
ex:- there’s no interest in writing letters.
- method of – وسيلة ل
ex:- This is a simple method of finding solutions.
- opportunity of – فرصة ل
ex:- there’s some opportunity of bringing her parents together again.
- Possibility of – امكانية ان
ex:- These wheels offer the possibility of riding tubeless.
- Problem of – مشكلة فى
ex:-He has the problem of swimming too slow.
- reason for – سبب ل
ex:- there’s a real reason for winning the contest.
- risk of – مخاطرة من
ex:- there’s a risk of digging too deep.
- trouble for – فى ازمة
ex:- He was in trouble for stealing
- way of – طريقة ل
ex:- This is a new way of building a wall.
رابعا :- (الافعال +حروف الجر) التى ياتى بعدها الفعل فى صورة ال gerund
- accuse of – يتهم ب
ex:- They were accused of breaking into a shop.
- agree with – يوافق على
ex:- I agree with playing darts.
- apologize for – يعتذر على
ex:- They apologize for being late.
- believe in – يؤمن ب
ex:- She doesn’t believe in getting lost in the wood.
- blame for – يلام على
ex:- The reporter is blamed for writing bad stories.
- complain about – يشتكى من
ex:- She complains about bullying.
- concentrate on – يركز فى
ex:- Do you concentrate on reading or writing?
- congratulate on – يهنىء على
ex:- I wanted to congratulate you on making such a good speech.
- cope with – يتاقلم على
Ex :- He is not sure how to cope with getting older.
- decide against – يقرر ضد
They decided against stealing the car.
- depend on – يعتمد على
ex:- Success may depend on becoming more patient.
- dream about/of – يحلم ب
ex:- She dreams of being a pop star.
- feel like – يشعر ب
ex:- They feel like going to bed.
- get used to – يعتاد على
ex:- you must get used to working long hours.
- Insist on – يصر على
ex:- The girls insisted on going out with mark.
- look forward to – يتطلع الى
ex:- I am looking forward to seeing you soon.
- prevent from – يمنع عن
ex:- How can I prevent Kate from working in this shop?
- rely on – يعتمد على
ex:- He doesn’t rely on winning in the casino.
- succeed in – ينجح فى
ex:- How then can I succeed in studying chemistry?
- specialize in – يتخصص فى
The firm specialized in designing websites.
- stop from – يمنع عن
ex:- I stopped Andrew from smoking.
- talk about/of – يتكلم عن
ex:- They often talk about travelling to new Zealand.
- think about/of – يفكر فى
ex:- Frank thinks of playing chess.
- warn against – يحذر من
ex:- We warned them against using this computer.
- worry about – قلق من
ex:- The patient worries about having the checkup.